Remove loaves from the oven and heat it to 350 degrees. When empress Catherine the Great died and the Tsars took power, many Mennonites living in Russia had their children pluck the best Turkey Red Wheat seeds from the farmlands prior to their families fleeing to the United States and Canada. I have been buying Turkey Red from them for years and it is wonderful . ! © This recipe makes five 1.1lb loaves consistently. The Mennonites who settled in Kansas brought with them seeds of Turkey Red Wheat, a hard red winter wheat variety, that proved to be productive and eventually helped to develop Kansas into the "Bread Basket of the Nation". He recalls harvest time and the celebration that would occur afterward. Water was a problem and rain was a problem. heat 3. dived mayonaise and mustard equally on inside of each sliced of bread. The Tsars didn’t “take power” after Catherine II died. Once the wheat is milled, the flour is brought to the DLM Bakehouse where our artisan bakers create this bread. Although it's origins are obscure, it almost certainly originated in the Crimean region of the old world. This is particularly off: “When empress Catherine the Great died and the Tsars took power, many Mennonites living in Russia had their children pluck the best Turkey Red Wheat seeds from the farmlands prior to their families fleeing to the United States and Canada. Thanks so much for your feedback. The Turkey Red has a more nutty taste maybe because of darker pigmentation but the Red Fife also has a pleasant flavor. “Turkey” variety hard red winter wheat was introduced to Kansas in 1873, carried by Mennonite immigrants from Crimea in the Ukraine, fleeing Russian forced military service. Turkey Red Wheat. The iconic reputation of Kansas wheat traces back to the many millions of acres of Turkey Red grown a century ago. Tsars were already ruling in Russia for hundreds of years before Catherine seized the throne in 1762 in a coup against her husband, Tsar Peter III, who was killed in the coup. This ancient grain can be eaten by many people who have developed an intolerance to conventional and organic hybrid wheats. They clean well, do not rust, have no coating to wear off and last indefinitely. Please reach out to us via DLM@dorothylane.com with your request. Then, Ed ran into DLM’s Jennifer Clark while he was delivering Hill Family Farm Chicken to DLM. Danny is so up on things, it really amazes me.” Dale’s recollection of farming Turkey Red Wheat in his youth comes together with Danny’s knowledge of the farmland here, and the results speak volumes. https://millcityfarmersmarket.org/recipes/whole-turkey-red-wheat-maple-bread. When we debuted a limited run of Turkey Red Wheat Bread last year, the community gobbled it up quickly. By the early 1800s, it appears to have spread northward into Crimea. From Kelly Van, Bread Festival 2019Twent years of sandwich bread making and I have settled into this as my standard. Should do the same this year. Many Kansans believe German Mennonites arriving from Russia brought Turkey Red wheat to the state. But today it is almost extinct, having been replaced by modern, higher-yielding varieties. 3 Steps to Feast Like a Gourmand with Charcuterie, Grain to Oven: Our Turkey Red Wheat Bread. The red wheat and its subtle astringency shines through just a bit at the beginning but fades away to the sweeter notes found in the white flour. You see, Ed is the synapse that connects it all together with our story here, from cultivating a vision rooted in historical significance to figuring out the nuts and bolts so it can happen. Remove loaves from the oven and heat it to 350 degrees. DLM sells other local brands by mail/internet order, so why not take advantage of the internet to sell some of the 20 acres of weight they backed? The exhibit “Menno Simons Groen” opened at the Groencentrum in Witmarsum, a small village in the Netherlands, in early June. The cutting edge nature of a grocery store to be growing its own wheat to be milled into flour and baked into bread is something unique that we never dreamed would be possible, but thanks to three men—Dale, Ed, and Danny—it is. Our All Purpose and sifted HRW (Turkey Red) flours are the closest substitute for the all purpose white flour typically found in stores today. Add salt and continue kneading for 7 minutes on low. REturn the loaves to the oven and bake 30 minutes. Copyright Hi John! Originally brought to Kansas in the 1870s by Mennonite immigrants from Crimea, this unique and complexly flavored variety became the primary wheat produced in the Central Plains. The history of Turkey Red begins in the country of Turkey, not surprisingly. Farmers impressed with Turkey Red increased their planted acreage and the variety gradually dominated hard reds. Ed, who studied and grew ancient grains, had long been interested in Turkey Red Wheat. “Danny, he’s one of a kind. The crust was chewy, except for the ears which were crunchy. 2020 Mill City Farmers Market. Let rise to the top of the bowl, for about 45 minutes. “Turkey” variety hard red winter wheat was introduced to Kansas in 1873, carried by Mennonite immigrants from Crimea in the Ukraine, fleeing Russian forced military service. Hi I’m trying to find the book they mentioned in the video around the 1 minute mark but I cant find it , what’s the authors name? John Piazza III, Centerville H.S. Turkey Red is a heritage grain which means it has never been hybridized. Just one taste of the Turkey Red Wheat Bread that we’ve baked from this wheat, and it’s clear that you’re biting into a slice of history and so much more. for us next to it. Will harvest soon. A change in Russian policy, however, led the Mennonites to move once again in the 1870s to a country where they would be allowed to pursue a pacifist course. Note: Having made about two thousand loaves at home, stainless steel pans are superior for my bread. Turkey Red Wheat came to Kansas with Russian Mennonite immigrants in 1873. Receive a seasonal recipe, learn what’s in-season and get vendor and market news in your inbox every week! When you start talking to someone whose relatives are kind of in the middle of this … you kind of step back and let them do the talking,” Ed says. “They brought their language, their skills, and they brought their wheat.”. So why did Danny say “yes,” a question that many area farmers have asked him? “I want [people] to know that Dale Friesen and his family were stewards of this heirloom grain and how important it is in history. Established in 1849, it has a well-deserved place on the U.S. National Register of Historic Places. Turkey Red Wheat, once the dominant variety of hard red winter wheat planted throughout the central U.S., is back in production. Turkey Red Wheat is considered a heritage grain now, but it can still be purchased from boutique millers. The book is by Esther Lowewen Vogt and is called “Turkey Red.” Hope that helps! Turkey Red Wheat has been the basis for higher yielding wheats, more demand in the markets, a tool for researchers, improved milling quilities, and improved bakers products. I don’t see any notation about that in particular. Class: Hard Red Winter Wheat Available types: Whole Wheat, Type ‘00’ Grown by: Pleasant Valley Ranch in Vinita, OK Protein: coming soon! “It’s a wild, wild run … you see it dancing in the wind,” Ed marvels. 1. It’s the climate in Ohio that presents the greatest challenge, as Turkey Red Wheat is tall and events like rain, wind, and hail can bend it over. Your email address will not be published. Meantime, how do I get my hands on some of this outstanding bread? Spread butter equally onto each backside of bread. Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment. Turkey Red Wheat, once the dominant variety of hard red winter wheat planted throughout the central U.S., is back in production in Kansas. So sorry for the delay. This is just a good reminder of what I grew up with,” he says. Required fields are marked *. has managed to bring back from the dead with the help of a small band of farmers. By using a stone mill we’re able to retain the nutritional content available in the wheat berry. Dale and Ed sent both flour and nearly two bushels of turkey red wheat seeds to De Vries. Hi. The “Turkey” variety of hard red winter wheat was introduced to Kansas in 1873, carried by Mennonite immigrants from Crimea in the Ukraine, fleeing Russian forced military service. The unknowns of growing Turkey Red Wheat on his soil were like a puzzle waiting to be solved. It’s food with a story, and this one is quite delicious, touching on history, perseverance, and a shared passion of local partners and friends. I would like to share it with some others in my area who share my interest in propagating the old/ancient grains and flour. The Turkey Red Wheat Palace is a tribute to the farmers who introduced and developed the wheat industry in Kansas. Jennifer adds that “it’s an heirloom grain that has not been messed with. The Red Fife flour was fluffier and the Turkey Red was more deeply colored. Video by Brett Dennis & Dorothy Lane Market. Divide into five loaves, and let dough rise in 5 greased 4×8 bread pans placed in a slightly warm oven for 15 minutes; rising to about level with the pan. One of those initial skeptics, Scott Fox, DLM’s VP of Bakery Operations who’s built our artisan bread program from the ground up, wears a big smile on his face as the wheat radiates a golden aura. Following decades of nearly complete disappearance, Turkey Red has been saved from extinction in the last twenty years by organic farmer Bryce Stephens and his family’s fifth-generation farm in … Measure lukewarm water into large container, add yeast and let stand until yeast begins to dissolve. The germ of an idea for this wheat field was actually set into motion many years ago. Breadtopia sells both the flour and the whole grain so that you can mill your own. Now, he can share that same taste with his children and grandchildren. He knew how important turkey red wheat was to the livelihood of the Mennonite people and sought to connect it to the exhibit. That search led us to Ohio-based Bear’s Mill, one of the few operating water-powered mills in Ohio. Russian Mennonites brought their cherished seed with them as they fled the Crimea to Kansas. It’s not hybridized in any way. You have most of it correct Dmitri. I live in Virginia, and would like to know where I can buy or order Turkey Red flour? – Louismill Type-85 Heritage Turkey Red Wheat Bread Flour: Our Type-85 Bread Flour is the optimal mixture of bran and flour for baking healthy and delicious artisan loaves. Fine article on the US side, but a bit slapdash on the history of the immigrants who brought “Turkish Red” (as it was known in Russia) to the US. Hard red modern variety did 66 bu/Ac. It wouldn’t hurt DLM, and could establish DLM as the southwestern Ohio heirloom grain source. He reaches down and plucks off a wheat berry. “From farm to fork, we’re actually growing an un-hybridized, ancient grain … and we’re going to be selling it at Dorothy Lane Market’s three Bakeries,” Scott says. Sincerely, At the heart of it all though is Dale and his connection to this heirloom grain. You can trace it back to Biblical times. He makes it all happen,” Dale says. “It’s local. Turkey Red is a hard red winter wheat which became popular in the United States during the 1870's. Formed loaves, ready for a 12 hour nap at 40ºF. They were free to practice their religion, but their exemption from military service granted them by the Tsar was scheduled to end in 1880. Freshly mill hard red wheat grain into flour (1 cup grain = 1.5 cups flour) using the Lee Household Flour Mill. The Red Fife dough was more elastic, the Turkey Red more extensible. Hard red wheat is generally preferred by bread bakers. Thank You , Dimitri, for the truth clarification about Catherine the Great and Alexander II. Twice a week, his mother would bake Turkey Red Wheat bread. Seeing Dale come to life with memories makes it all worth it for the circle of local partners gathered at the wheat field on this beautiful morning. Your email address will not be published. Together with three local farmers–Danny Jones, Dale Friesen, and Ed Hill—we have a wheat field where Turkey Red Wheat, not typically grown in our area of Ohio, flourishes. A deep and complex flavor to this bread. Dale’s grandfathers and grandmother were among the children of the Mennonites who set down roots in Nebraska. The crumb. “We’re still learning what this wheat does and how it adapts to Ohio weather,” says Danny. It thrived in Kansas, swiftly becoming the primary wheat variety planted throughout the Central Plains. That’s why DLM increased its investment from 2.5 acres in 2016 to 10 acres of this year’s 20-acre harvest. “Much to my surprise, I love when I’m proved wrong.”. Hi Alex! Last year it yielded 44 bu/Ac. Combine water, gluten, yeast and 5 cups flour in a large mixing bowl or the bowl of a stand mixer. Turkey Red wheat was first introduced in Kansas by Mennonite farmers in the mid-1800s, from what is now Ukraine. “That made me push on. It’s a hard winter wheat that isn’t typically grown on Ohio soil, but here it is robust and beautiful. “Never in my wildest dreams … To see that big of a field reminds me of what I grew up with.” Dale was born in Nebraska where his Mennonite ancestors settled when they came to America. Of exceptional flavor and baking qualities, Turkey Red is a landrace hard red winter wheat that was introduced to US growers around 1873. Many didn’t think that it could be done. It originated in Turkey, and was grown in the breadbaskets of Europe for centuries, prized for its hardiness, rich flavors, and excellent baking qualities. Take a bite out of this rich story behind our Turkey Red Wheat Bread with the above video, documenting our 2017 journey with Turkey Red Wheat from grain to oven. Danny chose to plant this crop directly next to his house so that others in the area could easily see it when they drove by. He’s known as “the Great Emancipator,” because he emancipated all serfs in Russia years before Lincoln’s Emancipation Proclamation freed the slaves in the US. We’d love to put you in touch with our bakery director. “I grew up where there was dryland farming. Add oil, honey, gluten, salt, and 6 cups of whole wheat flour. Here, moisture is not. It is a tragedy that the war the Mennonite’s fled from @35 years later so damaged Russia and Europe so needlessly. Great story!! Somebody producing something local. It is dense but not heavy and the extra protein from the almond flour keeps the mid-morning munchies away. Turkey Red, a hard red winter wheat, was a variety brought over to the U.S. by Mennonites in the 1870’s and was the widely grown variety until the 1940’s when the modern varieties started taking over (Slow Food, USA). The Anabaptists along with other German families who were invited by Catherine to farm areas of Russia were promised by the Czarina that they would live in closed communities and their descendants would not be conscripted into Russia’s army. Turkey wheat is a heritage grain, meaning that it predates modern breeding. The protein levels of bread play heavily into the science of baking, and this year’s run is off the chart, coming in at 13.7% , which is considerably higher than most hard winter wheats. Significant acreage was planted in Kansas until the mid-1940s when it was replaced with modern higher-yielding cultivars. In most recipes (except for yeasted breads) they can be used as a substitute with minimal recipe alteration. In pursuit of religious freedom, they brought with them the seeds that would flourish across The Breadbasket, where many settled in the U.S. “They must have prized their wheat so much,” says Ed. We currently just sell the bread that we bake from the Turkey Red Wheat flour. “When that was growing and getting golden, it was the most beautiful thing you ever saw. It would be convenient for Dorothy Lane Market to sell the flour and bulk to those, like my family, who bake our own bread. 2. lay one buttered side down into nonstick pan on stove, preheated at med. The type of wheat a flour is … There are many different grains used in making bread, and it’s flavorful, fun, and nutritious to use different ones in the breads that you make. Donn–look up Bakers Field in Minneapolis. Thanks for your interest. For many it was the lure of vast amounts of free land on which they could farm. And who would actually farm it with Ed in his late seventies and Dale in his eighties? From the baking side, Jennifer and Scott have been amazed with the quality of bread that results from this wheat, which is locally milled into flour. This souvenir bottle of wheat was purchased in Goessel to commemorate the Kansas Wheat Centennial of 1974. Roast Brussels Sprouts and Parsnips with Maple-Soy Glaze, Classic Mashed Potatoes & Mashed Potato Puffs, Sage, Thyme, Chili and Orange Rubbed Roast Chicken, Honey-Rosemary Glazed Hassleback Sweet Potatoes. “That started our conversation and a lifelong friendship. “Why don’t they do it … because it takes [more time] getting everything ready … but it’s all worth it,” Danny says. Turkey Red Wheat is a beautiful sight. “I’ve been a baker for 35 years and I’ve always been taught that good hard winter wheat had to come from out in The Plains States and that nothing would really work east of the Mississippi,” he says. Both crumbs were light and moist and really good for 100% WW. Turkey Red is an heirloom hard red winter wheat It originated in Turkey, and came to Kansas with Russian Mennonite immigrants in 1873, prized for its hardiness, rich flavors, and excellent baking qualities. • ‘Turkey’ Hard Red Winter Wheat. Let’s do something here,” Ed says. They’ve worked hard to isolate the seed stock, and provide the baker an identity preserved wheat. “When someone tells me I can’t do something, that’s a pretty good motivator,” he says. Artisan Bread: The DLM Difference - Dorothy Lane Market, DLM Difference: Heavenly Ham®, A Timeless Tradition, Holiday Cozy Comforts: Charcuterie at Home, Holiday Cozy Comforts: Sweet Nostalgia Dessert Board, Shopping Tips This Holiday: 5 Things to Know. Many thanks goes to Danny Jones, the local farmer who was crazy enough to say “yes” to this venture. Turkey Red arrived in the US in the early 1870’s, brought to Kansas by Mennonite immigrants from Russia, the part now known as Ukraine. n of detriot in Canada so we have the same weather as ohio I be interested to buy some of this turkey red wheat and by the way I come from Poland which is next to Russia and my mom baked bread that we could smell 2 mi away so I have a feeling that it was this wheat I realy appreciated reading and hope to hear from you thanks stan. Turkey Red is the legendary grain long raised by our German ancestors in Eastern Europe where bread wheats had grown since time immemorial from the Great Hungarian Plain to the steppes of Russia and Ukraine. These were originally Germans who had moved to Crimea, by then annexed by Russia, in the 1700s to avoid being drafted into the German military. Knead in enough flour to let dough ball up and clean the sides of the mixer bowl with its dough hook. The crumb was very moist and tender with a wheaty and mildly sour flavor. Due to the limits of how much this historic mill could handle, we also enlisted the expertise of local Amishman Joseph Nisley to also help prepare this year’s yield into the perfect flour to bake into bread. Hi Jerry! It’s slightly gummy with a distinguishable sweetness that sets it apart from more conventional wheat. Their conversations continued over the years, but they knew to pull this off they needed a buyer—some way to bring the grains to market and into the hands of local people. When most people see a stump in the road, Ed will find a way around it. I am a organic farmer in Southeast Minnesota, and i loved the story behind your bread. An excellent balance of both tastes. He lived in a sod house and his family grew a Turkey Red Wheat crop every other year so that the land could have a year to rest and recoup its moisture. When Catharine died, so did the promises. Add salt and continue kneading for 7 minutes on low. Using a stone mill, master miller Terry Clark worked a portion of this year’s harvest into flour to bake bread from, just the way it would have been done by Dale’s ancestors. I’m glad you wrote this so I wouldn’t have to complain about a credibility- destroying lack of fact checking . “This is where the future of artisan bread is going.”. “Turkey” variety hard red winter wheat was introduced to Kansas in 1873, carried by Mennonite immigrants from Crimea in the … Serve up a cozy holiday with Heavenly Ham®, Killer Brownie®, and more! I sliced the bread after it had cooled for about 3 hours. Have 10 acres of Turkey Red planted. He had something better to offer up—Turkey Red Wheat, which could be baked into bread should the yield be just right. I also live in Canada and would be very interested and appreciative to know where I might obtain some of this Turkey Red. It became the dominant hard red winter wheat in Kansas and much of the Great Plains bread basket and was the major hard winter variety in the 1920s. Divide into five loaves, and let dough rise in 5 greased 4×8 bread pans placed in a slightly warm oven for 15 minutes; rising to about level with the pan. Beat thoroughly with a spoon or electric mixer to make a “sponge.” “I think we’re just hitting the tip of it with growing something local that can be made into bread locally and enjoyed by local people,” Danny says. It’s wheat as your body knows wheat to really be.”, When we debuted a limited run of Turkey Red Wheat Bread last year, the community gobbled it up quickly. We remove only 15% of the bran from our Type-85 flour, leaving 85% of the nutritional value of our stone milled product. And that we are proud to partner with [Dale, Danny, and Ed] to bring this to your tables.”. Lovely dough made with 100% home-milled Red Turkey wheat. That’s why DLM increased its investment from 2.5 acres in 2016 to 10 acres of this year’s 20-acre harvest. hi I live 2 hrs. From there, a spark was ignited, but questions loomed. The flavor is reported to be more complex than the modern hard red winter wheat with good baking characteristics. Ka… Considered the grandfather of all hard red winter wheats, it was the most popular bread wheat for many decades leading up to the 1930s. Baked loaves, cooling. In his eighties, he’s doing something that he didn’t think was possible as he honors the legacy of his ancestors and shares that with his local community. Would this crop thrive on Ohio soil and if so, how would it behave when it came to baking bread? This is an excellent very faintly sweet breakfast bread with an unusual but satisfyingly 'bread' texture. My point is that they weren’t fleeing persecution for their faiths or any other restrictions. Turkey Red Wheat, once the dominant variety of hard red winter wheat planted throughout the central U.S., is back in production. Turkey Red Wheat comes full circle as seeds are sent to De Vries for the opening of the “Menno Simons Groen” exhibit in the Netherlands. Ed was shocked to find out that he was standing before a direct descendant of these immigrants. The beauty of freshly stone-milled Sunrise Turkey Red flour is that you can bake a great loaf of 100% whole wheat bread without adding extra gluten, sugar/honey or other sweeteners, milk, or all of … The “taking power” bit is also unfair considering that the Tsar ruling in the 1870’s, when Mennonites and other Anabaptists migrated to the Great Plains, was Tsar Alexander II, who was by far the most enlightened and liberal ruler in all Europe. It was at a farmers’ market in 1992 when Ed Hill, of Hill Family Farm, and Dale Friesen first crossed paths. Add the oil and syrup. They can get you more information on the local grain scene. 4.Place onions on bottom slice of bread 5.Place Turkey on bottom slice of bread 6.Top turkey with black pepper Although Ed, Danny, and Dale will sometimes have differing opinions on how to go about farming it, they all agree that this is just the start of something bigger. Standing in our Turkey Red Wheat field, located near Waynesville, Ohio, you’re surrounded by glimpses of the past, present, and future no matter which direction you look. All rights reserved. The crust has a great flaky/chewy consistency while remaining soft. I would really like to try a test plot and see. We’ll keep you posted though if that ever changes. Protein: 11.6% She approached Ed to see if he knew of anyone growing soft winter wheat, which is more commonly grown in Ohio and can be used for cakes and pastries. Our Turkey Red wheat berries are stone milled, and the flour is whole grain. He sits at a picnic table next to the wheat field and his eyes glisten. “The most meaningful thing to me about this is absolutely Dale … because this has meant so much to him,” Jennifer says. The wild, golden heads of this bearded wheat dance gently with the wind like a balloon batting in the sky. Hi, I’m a 3rd generation Mennonite farmer here in Washington. “Dale is probably the mastermind of how to grow it … and where to grow it, and when to grow it … and I just do the work that I think I know how to do,” Danny says. If anything, Russia was way more liberal toward Mennonites than most other countries in Europe at that time. I would really like to talk with Danny, Ed, and Dale regarding whether or not the Turkey Red could be grown in Minnesota. I would greatly appreciate any info you can provide. But, for some reason, it stands back up afterward. List of Grains & Other Bread Ingredients. Saying the Mennonites fled Russia seeking religious freedom is technically true, but not the entire story.
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