An association can be called a group of people who come together to achieve any particular purpose or goal and that too for a limited period of time. Thus institutions function in accordance with cultural norms; however, in comparison with associations they have the greater degree of permanence. Sociology is the study of human behavior. A community continues as long as members are there. But community sentiment is indispensable for a community. 8. So A. W. Green has rightly said, “A community is a cluster of people living within narrow territorial radius who share a common way of life.”. Prohibited Content 3. There exist to discipline and control individual behaviour. It doesn’t, however, mean that they don’t change. A person becomes the members because he wants it and only because he likes it and if he grows a feeling of dislike he is absolutely free to disown any such association. Sociology belongs to the family of social sciences and is considered … But the weapons of the primitive are decorated with symbols which are supposed to ensure the help of powers in the effective use of the weapon. The institution of marriage has the objective of regulating the network of social relationships and the members of the society would consciously work for the attainment of the disobjective. Organizational behavior, organization, and activity has been a major area of study for psychologists, economists, and sociologists for over a century, with a growth in interest and concentration in the past fifty years. It is deliberately created or is artificial. To make sure that reproduction proceeds in an orderly fashion and that infants are well taken care of until they are able to be independent, every society has some kind of family institution. 2. There are various definitions of community. It is based on co-operation. In short, institutions have a degree of permanence. Institutions are composed of customs, mores, rules organized into a functioning unit. But the community membership has a wider significance and compulsory. We can understand the concept of social institution more precisely through its characteristics which are discussed as under. It is bound by the territorial units. 8. A society must ensure a continuous supply of societal members and must provide these new members with a nurturing environment. Secondly, as used by Maclver, the community is “a focus of social life”. The Importance of Studying Organizational Sociology. It should be added that it also in integrated with the other institutions of the society. Thus, for example, we might refer to all customs associated with teaching the young as the institution of education, to those related to worship as the institution of religion, and to those related to ruling in all of its forms as Government. But these would be nothing but empty symbols without one vital ingredient: individual. If each individual lives in his own way and did only his “own thing,” we would soon face utter chaos. Cultural objects of utilitarian value which are used to accomplish the purposes of the institution are usually involved – buildings, tools, machinery, furniture and the like. A kind of natural force acts behind the origin and development of communities. The condition of the economy in our society determines whether we can obtain a good job and establish our family. They celebrate the festivals together, worship common deities and jointly face all calamities. The scientific study of society and the scientific promotion of human welfare has been neglected for long periods. And, also there is no ‘whips’ from the heaven or State to every citizen to form a association and to become its member. Ross mention two types of institutions. 2. On the other hand an institution does not have a location. An institution is considered as a ‘form of procedure’. 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